A new record and WeDigBio 2019 Day 1 summary!

WeDigBio 2019 got off to an amazing start! NfN received 9,865 transcriptions on day 1 of the 4 day event. That is our most productive day ever! This broke our previous record set back in 2017. We are beyond thrilled and can’t wait to see what happens with day 2.

Remember to check #WeDigBio on Twitter through out the event for more exciting developments!

— The Notes from Nature Team

Here we go!

WeDigBio 2019 is just starting to kick off around the world. Here at Notes from Nature we have lots of great content. There are over 20 expeditions in 9 different projects.

We hope everyone has an enjoyable event and that we see lots of transcription activity and chatter on Talk. Please take a moment to connect on the chat board to tell us about your event or anything else you want to share.

— The Notes from Nature Team

Introduction to the Notes from Nature Orange County Expedition

Just in time for WeDigBio 2019, the California Phenology Network introduces a brand new expedition of California treasures. This new expedition features specimens from the UC Irvine Herbarium (IRVC). Most specimens were collected in Orange County, California: from its highest point, Santiago Peak (5,678 ft) in the Santa Ana Mountains, to low lying wetlands and coastline. We will also encounter specimens from the broader Southern California region, Southwestern United States, and Baja California, Mexico — lands of arid deserts, foggy coasts, shrubby hills, and rocky mountain slopes.

Orange County is a small, densely populated county in coastal Southern California. At around 800 square miles, it is home to nearly 3.2 million people. Over half of the land area, and thus vegetation, of Orange County has been transformed by human use. However, good examples of almost every vegetation community that historically existed still exist today due to the county’s network of public and private protected areas. Old herbarium specimens can help us get a more complete picture of the historic vegetation of Orange County.

In terms of plant diversity, 1431 species and 1525 taxa, 953 of which are native, are recorded for the county (Roberts Jr, 2008). Dudleya stolonifera and Pentachaeta aurea subsp. allenii are the only county endemics, that is, plants that are limited in range solely to Orange County. The taxonomic focus of our first expedition are the plant families Adoxaceae (elderberries), Aizoaceae (carpet-weeds), Apiacae (carrots), Asteraceae (sunflowers/daisies), and Brassicaceae (mustards).

This expedition will be the focus of several WeDigBio on-site events in Orange County and beyond. Get ready to see its transcription numbers soar!

The end of an era

Notes from Nature made a big transition back in May. Even though NfN 3.0 has been up and running we still had some unfinished business in terms of expeditions that weren’t completed on the old system. A few days ago we completed our last expedition from the “old” platform. This also means that this particular project on Notes from Nature will be retired for good.

Not to worry though we have lots of fun and exciting expeditions on our current platform! NfN is now organized around Projects so look around and explore expeditions that are available within each one. Remember that these Projects can be filtered by tags such as Plants, Bugs, Butterflies and so on.

We have some mixed feelings about all these changes. We are thrilled to move forward and continue to make improvements to NfN 3.0 (our current platform), but we had so many great expeditions, events and memories over the time that NfN 2.0 was running. The amazing Notes from Nature community completed over 1 million transcriptions and was visited by over 8,000 volunteers. We are so happy that the community is continuing to help us build this resource.  Thanks as well to our network of providers and our hope is that 3.0 is ultimately an easier and better experience for all involved.

With all that said remember that we still have some more upgrades to complete on NfN 3.0. For example, this includes a unified Statistics page, improvements to Talk, etc.

— With gratitude the Notes from Nature Team

Cracking Nitrogen Fixation – New expeditions and update!

The NitFix team is ready to make it to the finish line with herbarium transcriptions! Sequencing efforts are nearly complete and exciting results are on the horizon. Already our work is providing glimpses into how plants form root nodules—uncovering key differences and similarities across millions of years of evolution of this important symbiosis between plants and microbes. More than ever, establishing links specimens between genetic data and specimen collection information is critical as we move into new work assessing the evolutionary and climatic context of today’s nitrogen-fixing species — work in which your transcription efforts will have a direct impact! We really appreciate your help getting us to completion.

-Ryan Folk and Rob Guralnick

NitFix[Above Figure – Cercis glabra, an Asian species and one of the few legumes with no root nodules that lacks the nitrogen-fixing symbiosis. Understanding groups like these is a major goal of the NitFix project as we seek to understand the earliest origins of nodules and shed light on engineering them into today’s crops]

WeDigBio 2019!

The Notes from Nature team is very excited about WeDigBio 2019. The event will take place October 17 – 20.


To our amazing volunteers:

We hope you’ll save the dates and join us online or in person at one of the many events happening at that time.

To our collaborators and data providers:

It’s always a fun and exciting time for us as we get to work with lots of new and existing colleagues! If you plan to host an expedition this year let us know as soon as possible.

Note that Notes from Nature has recently gone through an upgrade. Previous data providers that we have worked with will utilize their existing Projects on our site. Other providers expeditions will go into a WeDigBio themed Project that we’ll start building very soon. We will plan to have all expeditions within the WeDigBio project complete within a month of the end of the event. We have lots of activity on the site and we always aim to keep our content fresh and have expeditions complete in a timely fashion.

— The Notes from Nature Team

Where the butterflies roam

Monarch butterflies (Danaus plexippus) are well-known for their long-distance migrations. Monarchs east of the Rocky Mountains spend their winters in Mexico, while those west of the Rockies head for the California coast. But there are others, like the painted lady (Vanessa cardui) and the California tortoiseshell (Nymphalis californica) that also make annual treks over hundreds of miles in response to the changing seasons.

DotPolka Tortoiseshell Lassen 2005 CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Tortoiseshell migration at Lassen Volcanic National Park, 2005. By DotPolka CC BY-NC-ND 2.0


But other butterflies, like blues, coppers, hairstreaks, and metalmarks, hardly move at all. Individuals and their offspring may never leave a single meadow or dune for many generations. Their caterpillars often feed on a single species of plant found in a particular habitat many miles from other similar habitats. Some even have intimate relationships with ants, whereby the ants take the larvae into their nests and care for them. Because of these particular (and peculiar) life histories, many species and subspecies of butterflies in the family Lycaenidae have very restricted distributions and are listed as either threatened or endangered. One subspecies, the Xerces blue (Glaucopsyche lygdamus xerces) that once lived in the coastal dunes of California, went extinct in the 1940s. Even the once common and widespread monarch has suffered massive population declines in the past two decades.

Xerces blue by Lucas Folglia

Xerces blue butterfly. By Lucas Foglia

New conservation efforts, however, are turning the tides for these imperiled imps of the sky. Captive rearing and release of threatened species of blues and checkerspots are establishing new populations to protect against local extirpation. Neighborhood programs to propagate native host plants have connected populations of green hairstreaks that were once isolated from each other. And concerned citizens across the country are planting milkweed to feed hungry monarch caterpillars.

EMEC463615 Callophrys dumetorum

Green hairstreak, Callophrys dumetorum

To aid this cause, our team at CalBug has been busy photographing butterflies in our collection. These historical records tell us how butterflies have responded to climate, land use, and other environmental changes over the past 100 years. With your help, we can map these changes over time and better focus our restoration efforts. And since we include the name of each species in the corner of each photo, and photos pop up in a random order, each new image is like a flashcard to help you learn to identify butterflies!

by Peter Oboyski



dotpolka https://www.flickr.com/photos/dotpolka/34311984/in/photostream/
Lucas Foglia, c/o Essig Museum
Specimen images, c/o Essig Museum


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